Coldfall English Policy

Coldfall English Policy

‘Books give a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and life to everything.” -Plato


At Coldfall Primary school, we believe that English is at the heart of our learning and teaching and essential to every area of the curriculum. It is through English that concepts are formed and we are able to make sense of the world and our place in it. We value the importance of speaking with eloquence and conviction; reading for pleasure and understanding, and writing with fluency and style.

We aim to:

  • Develop confidence in speaking for a range of purposes e.g. debates, assemblies, performances, reading aloud and engaging in discussions.
  • Foster a love of reading and books
  • Deliver rich opportunities for writing based on quality core texts
  • Provide children with cross curricular links so skills are transferable
  • Ensure all children are supported in meeting the Early Learning Goals in the Early Years Foundation stage and End of Year Expectations for the National Curriculum 2014
  • Assess children’s progress both formatively and summatively to ensure they are making the best progress possible

Planning and Organisation

Wherever possible, English addresses the class topic to ensure learning is meaningful and contextual.  This needs to include word, sentence and text level activities.  Ideally, over one to two weeks, children will cover their weekly spelling words and rules, take part in speaking and listening activities, comprehension and reading based tasks and have an opportunity to plan and write creatively in the particular style of writing focussed on during that unit of work.   Children must also have the opportunity to see teachers modelling high quality writing with accurate spellings, grammar and handwriting. Demonstration writing and shared editing (where teacher and class edit and improve a piece of work together) should be noted on plans.  Each year group has an explicit set of end of year outcomes (Key Skills) which class teachers use as a guide to plan and assess from.

Speaking and Listening


Good speaking and listening skills are fundamental to good learning, and play a large part in a child’s progress.  During their time at Coldfall Primary School, interactive teaching strategies are used to engage all pupils in order to raise reading and writing standards.  Children are encouraged to develop effective communication skills in readiness for later life.  We aim for children to be able to speak clearly, fluently and coherently, to be able to listen attentively with understanding, pleasure and empathy and contribute to group discussions effectively.

We achieve this by:

  • Giving our children confidence in themselves as speakers and listeners by showing them that we value their conversations and opinions.
  • Being aware that as adults, we model good Standard English in our day-to-day interactions with children and with other adults in our school.
  • Expecting children to ask and answer questions in full sentences.
  • Encouraging respect for the views of others by generating clear and concise ‘discussion guidelines’.
  • Helping children to articulate their ideas with the support of discussion stems, and provide purposes and audiences for talk within a range of formal and informal situations and in individual, partner, group and class contexts.
  • By providing opportunities to perform to a larger audience, in assemblies and productions, where children’s efforts and skills are acknowledged by staff, parents, carers, visitors and peers.
  • By providing a range of experiences where children can work collaboratively and participate in opportunities to reflect on talk and explore real and imagined situations through role play, hot seating, debates, vocabulary enrichment, discussions and drama.
  • Developing a wide vocabulary and language acquisition through the explicit teaching of new words. Vocabulary is displayed in the environment and used by the children to enhance their speaking and listening as well as their reading and writing.  This new vocabulary is referred to regularly by the teacher during lessons and kept up to date.




Our aims are for all children at Coldfall to:

  • Become fluent, confident and expressive readers.
  • Read with enjoyment across a range of genres.
  • Read for pleasure as well as for information.
  • Read and respond to a wide range of different types of literature.
  • Understand the layout and how to use different genres and text types.
  • Understand and apply their knowledge of phonics and spelling patterns and use this to decode words with accuracy.
  • Build their bank of sight words to enable fluent reading.
  • Have an interest in words and their meanings, developing a rich and varied vocabulary.
  • Understand and respond to literature drawn from a range of cultures and literary heritage.


The teaching of phonics begins in Reception, where sounds are introduced at a rate of one a day throughout the autumn and spring term.  This provision is made during discrete sessions.  We follow the Read Write Inc. synthetic phonics programme in Reception and KS1. These lessons comprise of learning different graphemes, focussing on oral and aural phonological skills, blending and segmenting, and sight vocabulary. During these sessions, children are also explicitly shown how to apply their developing skills to their writing through a daily handwriting session.  This knowledge is built upon in Year 1, and it is our expectation that all children pass the phonics-screening test at the end of that year.  Sounds that are more complex are introduced and reinforced throughout Year 2.  Alongside the teaching of phonics, children are taught key words many of which are short, common words (red words), which appear frequently in all texts.  Children will have daily, rigorous opportunities to practice these key words discretely, and in the context of their learning.  It is our expectation that all children can read and spell the key words for their year group.

Pupils have opportunities to undertake guided, shared and independent reading throughout the school. A diverse range of group reading books and staged reading schemes are available. We do not use any one published scheme to teach reading; instead, we believe that it is important to provide pupils with a selection of reading books and experiences from different genres and subject matter. Teachers read a variety of written material regularly with the children: fiction and non-fiction, stories, reports, diaries, poems etc.  To ensure children are reading at the appropriate level, each class has banded books.  The banding of books helps to determine the appropriate level of books the children are reading as part of our home reading system.

In the EYFS, and for part of the year in Year 1, children read 1:1 with an adult weekly to build up their fluency and word recognition.  Two books will be sent home each week for children to read with their parents/carers. One of these books is fully decodable ensuring children can reinforce and practise their phonics skills at home.


In Key Stage 1, guided reading takes place.  During these sessions, the class teacher reads with differentiated ability groups of around six children at least once per week.  The ultimate goal in guided reading is to help children learn how to use independent reading strategies successfully.  Guided reading with more fluent readers, whilst continuing to develop reading strategies, places more emphasis on making meaning at increasingly complex levels.


In Key Stage 2, in order to build on the reading practices that have taken place in the EYFS and KS1, children will participate in a whole class reading approach called Destination Reader.  Destination Reader blends a range of learning behaviours and reading strategies which, brought together, allow children to explore and understand texts independently, at a deeper level.  In order to develop a love of reading there are opportunities for children to read a wide variety of texts independently.  In addition to this, all classes have a class novel that is shared at the end of each school day, this is a free choice book either chosen by the class teacher or recommended by a child.


Home Reading

For children to become fluent readers, we expect children to read at home every day.  The time children spend reading each day varies for each phase e.g.

Reception and Key Stage 1: 10-15 minutes

Years 3 and 4: 20 minutes

Years 5 and 6: 30-40 minutes

Families are expected to listen to their children read and ask questions to develop comprehension.




Our aims are for all children at Coldfall to:


  • See themselves as writers, from the earliest stage, who have ideas that they will want to communicate, building on writing skills they have acquired and their knowledge of print from their environment.
  • Provide experiences where the children can acquire confidence and a positive attitude to writing.
  • Develop and sustain writing skills by providing opportunities for children to write for a range of purposes and audiences.
  • Use guided writing sessions to model writing skills, teaching children how to compose, amend and revise their writing.
  • Teach children to become critical readers of their own writing by using self-evaluation and checking their work independently for sense, accuracy and meaning.
  • Teach grammar and punctuation in the context of children’s own writing, as well as through discrete lessons.
  • Teach children to develop their ability to organise and present imaginative and/or factual writing and poetry in different ways.
  • Teach children to develop writing stamina to meet and exceed end of year expectations.
  • Teach strategies for spelling to enable children to become confident and competent spellers

To develop writing at Coldfall, we use a range of strategies including: Talk for Writing, Alan Peat Sentences that have been assigned to each year group.  A core book approach, which is an immersive approach to teaching English, allowing connections to be made to other areas of the curriculum.  Shared and modelled writing, high quality exemplars, and in the EYFS and KS1 we use Writing Breakthrough.




For all children:

  • to spell confidently most of the words they are likely to use in their own writing (Reception: 1st 45 words, Y1: First 100 words, Y2: Next 200 words, Y3/4 word list, Y5/6 word list)
  • to learn how to spell common exception words
  • to be able to make sensible attempts to spell words which they have not seen before
  • To be able to use a dictionary effectively to aid their spelling.

Teaching Spelling

Teachers use a variety of methods in their teaching of spelling. These include:

  • Focusing on key words
  • Study of rhyme
  • Investigating word families
  • Teaching phonics
  • Learning weekly words either following a pattern or from own writing, and followed up with a spelling test or dictation

Spelling is taught through activities and investigation. In Reception, Year 1 and Year2, spelling is linked to phonics. From Years 1 to 6, spelling is taught weekly within English sessions following the English Curriculum and using the 2014 National Curriculum. The First 100 High Frequency and Next 200 High Frequency words are also taught. Good spelling and good handwriting are taught in partnership. Children practise clusters or strings of letters that belong to the English writing system. Independence is also encouraged through the regular use of dictionaries.

Marking Spellings in written work

When marking a child’s work, the recommended number of spelling corrections is three of four words. The correct spelling is written and highlighted for children to refer to, correct, and practice.


We aim for our pupils to develop a neat, legible, speedy handwriting style using continuous cursive letters that leads to producing letters and words automatically in independent writing.

By the end of Year 6, pupils will understand the importance of neat presentation and the need for different letterforms (cursive, printed or capital letters) to help communicate meaning clearly. Our teachers are encouraged to use neat, joined-up continuous cursive writing for all handwriting tasks including report writing, marking and comments.

Handwriting frequency

Handwriting is a cross-curricular task and will be taken into consideration during all lessons. Formal teaching of handwriting is to be carried out regularly and systematically to ensure Key Stage targets are met.



Formative assessment is carried out on a daily basis through questioning and discussion. Extended writing is marked in a formative way following the guidance set out in the School Marking Policy. Children are given specific, targeted feedback to improve their writing, which is followed up by both pupil and teacher. Once termly, children will carry out a Reading, and SPAG test, and an independent piece of writing (cold write).


In Reception, children’s progress towards the Early Learning Goal for ‘Writing’ is assessed termly using age bands. In KS1 and KS2, children’s writing is tracked termly and assessed using The Criterion Scale. The scale consists of statements, which set out the end of year expectations for each year group. The scale will support teachers in making judgments on standards in writing and whether a child is working towards the expected standard, at the expected standard, or working at a greater depth standard within their year group. Occasionally, children may be assessed using statements from lower or higher year groups.


In Reception, children’s progress towards the Early Learning Goal for ‘Reading’ is assessed termly using age bands. In KS1 and KS2, children complete a PiRA reading comprehension assessment each term. At the end of the year, these assessments are combined with formative teacher assessments to judge whether a child is working towards (W), working at Expected (E) or above (A) within their year group,  Occasionally, children may be assessed using tests from lower year groups.  Children in years 1 to 6 will receive a standardised score from the reading test, with a score of 100 representing the average.


Children’s handwriting is assessed on an ongoing basis through the marking of children’s work and during handwriting sessions.

Cursive Alphabet


Useful Documents

Top Tips For Helping Your Child With English

Useful Websites











English Key Skills

Particular skill areas are described as ‘key skills’ because they help learners to improve their learning and performance in education, work and life. These are embedded in the school’s curriculum.

The key skills for English in each yeargroup can be found on the Class Pages HERE

Reading Catch-up

Reading Catch-up Strategy Statement

Total number of pupils in years 1-6 Total number of pupils that will have attended over the year Total number of girls attending Total number of boys attending




220 approx.


















1.       Develop fluent, automatic word reading skills

2.       Develop reading fluency through the use of practical strategies such as echo reading, repeated reading, increase in reading mileage, peer reading

3.       Develop reading comprehension and reading skills such as retrieval, word meaning, inference, summarising, skimming and scanning etc.

4.       To broaden vocabulary and close the vocabulary gap

5.       To provide small group and 1:1 reading opportunities for struggling readers and for those children who have lapsed during lockdown

6.       To promote enjoyment of reading and develop reading for pleasure



Develop model for reading catch up sessions
Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost/resources implications
Research and plan model for the reading catch up programme including vision, expectations, logistics, staffing. A clear reading catch up programme in place which has a positive impact on the progress of children who have fallen behind due to the extended period of missed schooling during lockdown. 2020-2021 AHT

3.5 days @ £354.59







1.       Develop fluent, automatic word reading skills
Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost /resources implications
Purchase Monster Phonics Full access to Monster Phonics programme September 2020 KR £453.60
Train TAs/CTs on how to use Monster Phonics Staff confident in using the programme and it has had a positive impact on children’s word reading skills October 2020 KR/LK

half a day to prepare + half a days training session x 2



Resources for Monster Phonic lessons e.g. printing, photocopying, paper Children have all the resources they need to access the phonics programme and are making progress On going CT/TA



Purchase Read Write Inc. resources for catch up programme e.g. SET 1, 2 and 3 cards, Green words, red words, magnetic letters Children have access to resources and making progress in their reading September 2020 LK £1000.00


2.       Develop reading fluency through the use of practical strategies such as echo reading, repeated reading, increased reading mileage, 1:1 reading, small group reading and peer reading.
Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost /resources implications
Purchase 30 copies of  ‘Closing the Reading Gap’ by Alex Quigley Staff have a plethora of practical reading strategies available to them.  Children’s reading fluency has improved September 2020 ED

30 copies @ £15.99 each




Purchase Hodder and Stoughton Reading Assessment Entry and exit data robust and accurate September 2020 KR £76.00
Plan and deliver reading training for Catch Up staff – session 1 All staff know what the vision for Friday catch up is and have clear expectations of what a session will look like September 2020 LK/KR

half a day to prepare + half a day’s training session x 2




Plan and deliver reading training for Catch Up staff – session 2

Staff have had training on closing the vocabulary gap and have included strategies in sessions.

Children’s vocab gap decreases in size and they are making rapid progress in reading

September 2020 LK/KR

half a day to prepare + half a day’s training session x 2




English Subject Leader (AHT) to model reading strategies to enhance reading comprehension skills All catch up staff feel confident to deliver high quality catch up sessions Ongoing AHTs

1 hour sessions x 6 plus planning time for each session (1hour x 6)



Purchase appropriately levelled texts Children have access to appropriately levelled September 2020 LK £3000
Produce key words Children know their key words at speed and can read 70% of any text Ongoing CT/TA £190
Friday Catch Up staff to deliver 1:1 and small group   reading for all children Precision teaching has enable all children to make accelerated progress

December 2020

April 2021

July 2021


9 x TAs

2 x CT                         x 39 weeks

2 x AHTs



Friday Catch Up staff to plan reading catch up sessions outside of their normal working week Sessions have clear sequence and flow and target children’s specific reading needs Weekly CT/TA/AHT

9 x TAs

2 x CT                         x 39 weeks

2 x AHTs




3.       Develop reading comprehension and reading skills such as retrieval, word meaning, inference, summarising, skimming and scanning etc.


Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost /resources implications
English lead to provide guidance and training for TAs around questioning, language comprehension skills  and language stems All staff have knowledge of up-to-date reading pedagogy and can plan and deliver high quality whole class and small reading sessions to develop comprehension skills September 2020 LK

2 half day sessions = £354.59


2 half days for planning and preparing = £354.59



Resource whole class reading sessions e.g. photocopy reading texts, purchase First News, photocopy comprehension papers, year 6 SATs papers (previous year) Children have developed their reading comprehension skills in line with age related standards Ongoing ALL



AHT to model DR lessons Constant cycle of improvement in the quality of reading at school November 2020 LK/TH

1 hour sessions x 6 plus planning time for each session (1hour x 6)




4.       To broaden vocabulary and close the vocabulary gap
Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost /resources implications
Purchase Closing the Vocabulary Gap by Alex Quigley and Bringing Words to Life by Isobel Beck Staff up-to-date with latest pedagogy September 2020 ED/LK

30 copies @ £15.99


1 copy @ £15.99



Provide CPD on closing the vocabulary gap Staff up-to-date with latest pedagogy and practice for vocabulary instruction September 2020 AHT £354.59
CT/TA to plan vocabulary instruction as part of their weekly reading session Children achieve in line with their peers Ongoing ALL Cost included in planning time


5.       To provide small group and 1:1 reading opportunities for struggling readers and for those children who have lapsed during lockdown


Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost /resources implications
Appropriately levelled texts available for children Children have access to books at the right level for their reading ability Autumn 2020 LK Cost included above
Books banded All Catch up reading books are banded Ongoing AHT

3 days @ £354.59



English lead to provide training on ‘Hearing Children Read’ Children make accelerated progress as evident in end of term assessments End of…autumn/spring/summer CT/TA £345.59
Provide training on running records using PM Bench mark kit for KS1 and low attaining readers in KS2 Robust an accurate tracking system for reading linked to book banding Spring 2020 AHT

2 half day sessions @ £177 + 2 sessions planning and preparing time




6.       To promote enjoyment of reading and develop reading for pleasure
Actions Success criteria Timescales Person responsible Cost /resources implications
Purchase natural language books for Reading catch up Children can access real, natural language books in keeping with their reading preferences and show enjoyment in reading books that they love Ongoing CT/AHT £1500




E-book Websites

Dear Parents and Carers,

I hope this email finds you and your family in good health.

The following websites have been created to help children aged 3-11 develop their reading skills at home.  You will find a range of popular fiction and non- fiction titles all available for children to read at their leisure. All of the eBooks are free to use, but you will need to register and log in. Please note, the eBooks are not optimised for mobile phones and are best viewed on a computer, laptop, or tablet.

Regular reading practice is one of the most important things we can ensure our children do, so please take full advantage of this free offer.



Yours sincerely,

Miss King

Assistant Headteacher

Letter-Join home access (Writing)


Personally I think this is one of the most important of all of our values.





Bedtime Stories By My Teacher